30 km/h superblocks are Low Traffic Neighbourhoods
30 km/h Low Traffic Neighbourhoods are blocks of streets that are calmed to 30 km/h, usually within a perimeter of VicRoads arterials. Low Traffic Neighbourhoods also include traffic filtering to block commuter through-traffic, as well as more trees and public open space. For most journeys, 30 km/h only applies to the first and last few hundred meters of travel and doesn’t appreciably add to travel times.
30 km/h Low Traffic Neighbourhoods offer the following benefits:
- reduced rat running;
- a quieter and more enjoyable environment for walking and chatting with neighbours;
- a safer environment for children to start or finish their journeys, e.g. walking or cycling to school, sport or friends; and
- a lower cost way to make cycling safe across the whole of Yarra, with costly protected bicycle lanes limited to a core network that links Low Traffic Neighbourhoods.
Opening roads to walking and cycling
Low Traffic Neighbourhoods include modal filters to block motor-vehicle through-traffic, thus keeping it to the declared arterials on the perimeter of the Low Traffic Neighbourhood. Instead of thinking of filters as ‘closing the road’, consider them as ‘opening the road’ to enable safe walking and cycling.
In Western Australia, residents who initially opposed road closures, changed to become supporters, because the quieter streets were much more family-friendly.
Supporters – Love 30 Yarra
Love 30 Yarra is a grassroots campaign to support 30 km/h Low Traffic Neighbourhoods in the City of Yarra. Love 30 Yarra is part of a global Love 30 campaign (also called 20’s Plenty in countries that use miles per hour), with other groups located in the UK, Europe, Canada and the USA. Contact Love 30 Yarra via the Streets Alive Yarra contact form.
Support from the Metropolitan Transport Forum
The Metropolitan Transport Forum (MTF) is a local government interest group for transport in metropolitan Melbourne. It has been established for over 20 years.
30 km/h trial in Yarra
The City of Yarra has trialled a 30 km/h Low Traffic Neighbourhood in one area of Fitzroy and Collingwood, and is now awaiting approval from the State Government Department of Transport for the trial to become permanent. More information is available at thanksfor30.com.au/why-30kmh.
Support from Yarra’s walking strategy
Yarra’s Encouraging and Increasing Walking Strategy 2005 identified that traffic speeds and volumes need to be reduced:
Superblocks in Barcelona
A well known application of superblocks is in Barcelona, designed to give streets back to residents.
Example from the Netherlands
This video describes how streets within a neighbourhood were modified and upgraded – the process can be replicated in Yarra:
30 km/h in other Councils
The City of Melbourne and the City of Moreland have announced that they are also planning trials. Councils in Western Australia (with the WA Department of Transport) are also testing 30 km/h streets, calling them ‘Safe Active Streets‘:
30 km/h Low Traffic Neighbourhoods are a practical and low cost way to make Yarra a more beautiful, liveable and accessible city.