The primary mission of government is to protect the public.New York City – Vision Zero
People prefer to visit and use places that are safe. For this reason New York implemented Vision Zero – where no loss of life or serious injury is considered acceptable. This methodology accepts that people can make mistakes – and therefore our streets should be designed so that small mistakes do not lead to the death or serious injury of other road users.
Victoria has adopted Towards Zero, a similar vision for a future free of deaths and serious injuries on our roads.
Yarra has also adopted their version of Towards Zero, a Council plan to eliminate traffic deaths and serious injuries by 2026.
The Victorian Towards Zero approach builds upon the Victorian Parliamentary Road Safety Committee’s Inquiry (2006) which recommended that an Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) approach be applied in eliminating risks associated with driving. An OHS approach has four key steps:
- Identify the hazards; e.g. people in cars opening their doors into the path of other road users (dooring)
- Assess the risks; e.g. if a person is doored, is there a risk of death or serious injury?
- Control the risks; e.g. separate cyclists into a protected bicycle lane
- Monitor the solutions; e.g. a year after building a protected bicycle lane, have deaths or serious injuries been eliminated?
Hierarchy of Controls
The Hierarchy of Controls states that the best ways to control risks is to eliminate, substitute or isolate the hazard, e.g. by separating pedestrians into their own protected footpath and separating cyclists into their own protected bicycle lane.
Safe System forms the core of Australia’s National Road Safety Strategy 2011–2020 and Victoria’s 2013-2022 Victorian Road Safety Strategy.
In Victoria, all new major road projects must have a Safe System assessment. Streets Alive Yarra has conducted a Safe System assessment of a typical tram-based shopping street in Melbourne, comparing the existing conditions with various design treatments, including the ‘Melbourne Shopping Street’ reference design:
The assessment concluded that the ‘Melbourne Shopping Street’ reference design is best aligned with Safe System, and offers superior outcomes for people walking, cycling or using the tram.
Corroboration from VicRoads
VicRoads also conducted a Safe System assessment of a tram based shopping street, examining Sydney Road in the City of Moreland.
Their report corroborated the results of Streets Alive Yarra’s assessment; also concluding that the ‘Melbourne Shopping Street’ reference design (called ‘Option 3’ in their report) is best aligned with Safe System:
Road Safety Star Ratings
Star ratings provide an easy way for people to understand how safe their local street is. The RACV supports safety ratings for roads, and supports AusRAP, the Australian Road Assessment Program.
So far, RACV and the Australian Automobile Association have assessed Victorian highways. They called for all 1-star and 2-star sections of highway to be upgraded to at least 3-star. The next step is to star rate streets in Melbourne and Yarra.