Parking maximums define the maximum number of car parks that can be built as part of new developments; and reduce traffic congestion by reducing the number of cars using the road. If new apartments or offices have fewer car parks, and on-street parking is restricted, then fewer people will drive. Parking maximums are already used by London, Zurich, the City of Melbourne and the City of Port Phillip – the City of Yarra can use them too.

Introduction

Vox’s Mobility Lab explains how parking minimums are bad for cities:

Regulations in Yarra

At present, the Yarra Planning Scheme imposes parking minimums, which just makes traffic congestion worse, by encouraging new workers or residents to own a car and drive to work. In addition, parking minimums increase housing costs, forcing home owners or developers to pay for garages that they don’t need; especially if over the the medium term people switch to car-sharing, or ride-hailing with autonomous vehicles. This particularly impacts upon affordable housing.

Consequences of more parking. Image credit: Donald Shoup

Solution

Instead of imposing parking minimums, Yarra should impose parking maximums, and control the demand for on-street parking by using demand responsive parking charges.

Other councils

Other councils in Melbourne are changing from parking minimums to parking maximums. The City of Melbourne imposes parking maximums:

Schedule 1 of the Parking Overlay 45.09. Source: City of Melbourne.

The City of Port Phillip imposes parking maximums:

Schedule 1 of the Parking Overlay 45.09. Source: City of Port Phillip.

Around the world, London and Zurich impose parking maximums.

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