Parking maximums define the maximum number of car parks that can be built as part of new developments; and reduce traffic congestion by reducing the number of cars using the road. If new apartments or offices have fewer car parks, and on-street parking is restricted, then fewer people will drive. Parking maximums are already used by London, Zurich, the City of Melbourne and the City of Port Phillip – the City of Yarra can use them too.
Vox’s Mobility Lab explains how parking minimums are bad for cities:
Regulations in Yarra
At present, the Yarra Planning Scheme imposes parking minimums, which just makes traffic congestion worse, by encouraging new workers or residents to own a car and drive to work. In addition, parking minimums increase housing costs, forcing home owners or developers to pay for garages that they don’t need; especially if over the the medium term people switch to car-sharing, or ride-hailing with autonomous vehicles. This particularly impacts upon affordable housing.
Instead of imposing parking minimums, Yarra should impose parking maximums, and control the demand for on-street parking by using demand responsive parking charges.
Other councils in Melbourne are changing from parking minimums to parking maximums. The City of Melbourne imposes parking maximums:
The City of Port Phillip imposes parking maximums: